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AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2012 Oct;28(10):1352-6. Epub 2012 Mar 13.

Emergence of a new HIV type 1 CRF01_AE variant in Guangxi, Southern China.

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Research Group of HIV Molecular Epidemiology and Virology, The State Key Laboratory of Virology, Wuhan Institution of Virology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hubei, The People's Republic of China.


The distribution of HIV-1 subtypes and genetic characterization of CRF01_AE in Guangxi, southern China were identified. The distribution of HIV-1 genotypes based on gag, pol, and partial env sequences (n=349) was as follows: CRF01_AE (66.5%), CRF08_BC (19.2%), CRF07_BC (7.2%), URF (4.6%), subtype B (1.7%), and subtype B' (0.9%). CRF01_AE predominated in all geographic regions and risk populations and there were multiple introductions of CRF01_AE strains in Guangxi. We found a peculiar CRF01_AE monophyletic lineage distinct from other CRF01_AE viruses, and we designated it "CRF01_AE-v" for convenience. CRF01_AE-v circulating in both heterosexuals and injecting drug users (IDUs) had accounted for 39.7% of CRF01_AE. It showed a selective advantage in the Guangxi population and formed its own characteristic compared with all the CRF01_AE references. Our results suggested that CRF01_AE-v was a new variant of CRF01_AE and it might lead to a new epidemic in Guangxi.

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