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Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2012 Jul;27(6):562-7. doi: 10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2011.12.014. Epub 2012 Jan 17.

Investigation into three dimensional hip anatomy in anterior dislocation after THA. Influence of the position of the hip rotation centre.

Author information

1
Hopital Pitié Salpétrière, Paris, France. hedisari@yahoo.fr

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The components position is a major factor under the surgeon's control in determining the risk of dislocation post total hip arthroplasty. The aim of this study was to investigate the proper three-dimensional components position including the centre of rotation in the case of anterior dislocation.

METHODS:

Among 1764 consecutive patients who underwent total hip arthroplasty using a direct anterior approach, 27 experienced anterior dislocation. The three-dimensional hip anatomy was investigated in 12 patients who were paired with 12 patients from the same initial cohort who did not experience dislocation and also with 36 control patients with osteoarthritis. A pelvic Cartesian referential was defined to perform the acetabular analysis. The coordinates were expressed as percentages of the pelvic width, height and depth. The anteversion angles were measured.

FINDINGS:

The hip centre of rotation was significantly shifted medially and posteriorly in the dislocation group when compared to the non-dislocation group and also to the control group. There was no significant difference in component angular position between the dislocation-group and the non-dislocation group. However, the stem anteversion in the dislocation group was increased in comparison to the mean natural femoral anteversion of the control group.

INTERPRETATION:

A medial and posterior displacement of the hip rotation centre was found to correlate to anterior dislocation post total hip arthoplasty. These results suggest the importance of an accurate restoration of the centre of rotation, whilst avoiding an excessive acetabular reaming which may induce a medial and a posterior displacement.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:

III comparative non randomised.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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