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Biochem Soc Trans. 2012 Feb;40(1):153-7. doi: 10.1042/BST20110693.

Triggering of Ca2+ signals by NAADP-gated two-pore channels: a role for membrane contact sites?

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Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, UK.


NAADP (nicotinic acid-adenine dinucleotide phosphate) is a potent Ca2+-mobilizing messenger implicated in many Ca2+-dependent cellular processes. It is highly unusual in that it appears to trigger Ca2+ release from acidic organelles such as lysosomes. These signals are often amplified by archetypal Ca2+ channels located in the endoplasmic reticulum. Recent studies have converged on the TPCs (two-pore channels) which localize to the endolysosomal system as the likely primary targets through which NAADP mediates its effects. 'Chatter' between TPCs and endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ channels is disrupted when TPCs are directed away from the endolysosomal system. This suggests that intracellular Ca2+ release channels may be closely apposed, possibly at specific membrane contact sites between acidic organelles and the endoplasmic reticulum.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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