Send to

Choose Destination
East Mediterr Health J. 2011 Apr;17(4):303-8.

Parental smoking and risk of childhood cancer: hospital-based case-control study in Shiraz.

Author information

Department of Paediatric Nursing, Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Science, Shiraz, Islamic Republic of Iran.


This case-control study in Shiraz aimed to determine the relationship between parental smoking and childhood cancer. A questionnaire was completed by the mothers of 98 children newly diagnosed with cancer before the age of 14 years and 100 age- and sex-matched controls. Maternal smoking (prior to and during pregnancy and after the birth), and the numbers of maternal cigarettes smoked were not associated with an increased risk of childhood cancer. However, maternal exposure to passive smoke during pregnancy increased the risk of cancer childhood (OR = 3.6, 95% CI: 1.3-5.0). Father's smoking prior to (OR = 1.8, 95% CI: 1.4-6.0) and during pregnancy (OR = 3.0, 95% CI 1.4-5.0) was significantly associated with an increased risk of cancer and this increased with heavy smoking. There were no relationship between an enhanced risk of childhood cancer and father's smoking after the child's birth.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for World Health Organization, Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean
Loading ...
Support Center