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J Thromb Haemost. 2012 Apr;10(4):596-605. doi: 10.1111/j.1538-7836.2012.04636.x.

Failure to correct International Normalized Ratio and mortality among patients with warfarin-related major bleeding: an analysis of electronic health records.

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Outcomes Research, Boston Health Economics, Inc, Waltham, MA 02451, USA.



Delayed correction of blood clotting times as measured by the International Normalized Ratio (INR) is associated with adverse outcomes among certain patients with warfarin-related major bleeding. However, there are limited data on the association between INR correction and mortality.


To assess factors associated with 30-day mortality and time to death in patients receiving fresh frozen plasma (FFP) for warfarin-associated major bleeding.


A retrospective database analysis was undertaken with electronic health record data from a large integrated health system. Patients met the following criteria: major hemorrhage diagnosis; INR ≥ 2 on the day before or day of receipt of FFP; and prescription fill for warfarin within 90 days. INR correction (defined as INR ≤ 1.3) was evaluated at the last available test 1 day following the start of FFP administration. Kaplan-Meier curves and Cox proportional hazards models were constructed to assess mortality.


Four hundred and five patients met the selection criteria (mean age of 75 years, 54% male), and 67% remained uncorrected at 1 day following the start of FFP administration. Among all patients, 11% died within 30 days of hospital admission. An uncorrected INR was not associated with a higher risk of 30-day mortality for patients overall, but was statistically significant for the subgroup with intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) (adjusted odds ratio 2.55; 95% confidence interval 1.04-6.28).


Among the subgroup of major bleeding patients with warfarin-associated ICH, those not correcting to either INR ≤ 1.3 or INR ≤ 1.5 with the use of FFP have an increased rate of mortality at 30 days.

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