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Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2011;2011:4584-7. doi: 10.1109/IEMBS.2011.6091135.

Asynchronous decoding of grasp aperture from human ECoG during a reach-to-grasp task.

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Department of Biomedical Engineering, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA.


Recent studies in primate neurophysiology have focused on decoding multi-joint kinematics from single unit and local field potential recordings. However, the extent to which these results can be generalized to human subjects is not known. We have recorded simultaneous electrocorticographic (ECoG) and hand kinematics in a human subject performing reach-grasp-hold of objects varying in shape and size. All Spectral features in various gamma bands (30-50 Hz, 70-100 Hz and 100-150 Hz frequency bands) were able to predict the time course of grasp aperture with high correlation (max r = 0.80) using as few as one ECoG feature from a single electrode (max r for single feature = 0.75) in single trials without prior knowledge of task timing. These results suggest that the population activity captured with ECoG contains information about coordinated finger movements that potentially can be exploited to control advanced upper limb neuroprosthetics.

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