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Biomed Opt Express. 2012 Jan 1;3(1):64-74. doi: 10.1364/BOE.3.000064. Epub 2011 Dec 9.

Independent component analysis of broadband near-infrared spectroscopy data acquired on adult human head.

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Department of Physics, Ryerson University, 350 Victoria Street, Toronto, Ontario M5B 2K3, Canada.


The goal of this study was to investigate the ability of independent component analysis in the time-spectral domain to isolate physiological sources of functional near infrared spectroscopy signals. We apply independent component analysis to the broadband fNIRS data acquired on the human forehead at 650 different wavelengths between 700 nm and 950 nm. To induce cerebral oxygenation changes we use the breath holding paradigm. We found one major independent component during baseline and two major components during exercise. Each independent component corresponds to one oxy-hemoglobin and one deoxy-hemoglobin time courses. The corresponding characteristic spectra of changes in optical absorption suggested that one component represented vasodilation of cerebral arterioles while the delayed component represented the washout of deoxyhemoglobin either in cerebral capillaries and venules or in extra cerebral tissue. We found that both broadband and isolated wavelength data can produce similar independent components.


(170.0170) Medical optics and biotechnology; (170.2655) Functional monitoring and imaging

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