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Nutrients. 2010 Jul;2(7):762-9. doi: 10.3390/nu2070762. Epub 2010 Jul 13.

Human milk banking-facts and issues to resolve.

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The Erasmus MC-Sophia Children's Hospital, GJ Rotterdam, the Netherlands.


The number of human milk banks is increasing worldwide. Although the beneficial effects of feeding premature infants with their mother's milk are well documented, less is known about the effects of feeding these infants with pasteurized donor milk. We propose a randomized trial comparing the effects of a 100% human milk-based diet (human milk supplemented with a human milk-derived fortifier) and a diet (partially) based on bovine milk. In theory, human milk has a beneficial effect on various aspects of human physiology, most of which become apparent after infancy. We therefore propose an extensive follow-up program that takes this aspect into consideration. Other issues concerning the practice of human milk banks need to be addressed as well as optimization of the feeding strategies for preterm infants.


donor milk; donor screening, vertical transmission; formula; human milk fortifier; outcome; premature neonate

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