Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Lancet Infect Dis. 2012 Feb;12(2):142-9. doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(11)70293-6. Epub 2012 Jan 16.

Non-communicable health risks during mass gatherings.

Author information

1
Division of Epidemiology and Prevention of Communicable Diseases, Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Zurich, WHO Collaborating Centre for Travellers' Health, Hirschengraben 84/E29, Zurich, Switzerland. roste@ifspm.uzh.ch

Abstract

Mass gatherings (MGs) have been associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality from non-communicable diseases, accidents, and terrorist attacks, thus posing complex public health challenges. We assessed the health risks and public health responses to MGs to identify an evidence-based framework for public health interventions. Human stampedes and heat-related illnesses are the leading causes of mortality. Minor traumatic injuries and medical complaints are the main contributors to morbidity and, particularly, the need for on-site medical care. Infrastructure, crowd density and mood, weather, age, and sex determine the risks to health. Many predictive models for deployment of medical resources are proposed, but none have been validated. We identified the risks for mortality and morbidity during MGs, most efficient public health interventions, and need for robust research into health risks for non-communicable diseases during MGs.

PMID:
22252147
DOI:
10.1016/S1473-3099(11)70293-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center