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Cell. 1990 Nov 2;63(3):495-501.

Activin can induce the formation of axial structures and is expressed in the hypoblast of the chick.

Author information

1
Department of Zoology, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel.

Abstract

We show that PIF/activin can induce the formation of axial structures including a full-length notochord, segmented somites, and a neural tube in isolated epiblasts from chick blastulae. Using degenerate PCR primers, we have cloned a fragment of the activin beta B chain from chick hypoblast cDNA, and a fragment of the activin beta A chain from chick genomic DNA. Furthermore, we show that in the chick, activin is transcribed precisely when axial mesoderm is being induced. Since exogenous PIF/activin can induce the formation of axial structures and since activin beta B is transcribed at the time and place where the mesodermal axial structures are being induced, we propose that in the chick, activin B is the endogenous inducer of the body axis.

PMID:
2225063
DOI:
10.1016/0092-8674(90)90446-l
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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