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Hum Exp Toxicol. 2012 Apr;31(4):364-75. doi: 10.1177/0960327111432502. Epub 2012 Jan 16.

Studies on the protective effect of flaxseed oil on cisplatin-induced hepatotoxicity.

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1
Department of Biochemistry, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Abstract

Cisplatin (CP) is known as one of the most potent chemotherapeutic antitumor drugs. The tissue-specific toxicity of CP in the kidneys is well documented. However, at higher doses less common toxic effects such as hepatotoxicity may arise. Since CP remains one of the most effective antineoplastic drug used in chemotherapy, strategies to protect tissues against CP toxicity are of clinical interest. Recently, ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) from certain plants/seeds notably flaxseed have shown numerous health benefits. In view of this, the present study investigates the protective effect of flaxseed oil (FXO) on CP-induced damage in liver. Rats were pre-fed normal diet and the diet rich in FXO for 10 days and then a single dose of CP (6 mg/kg body weight) was administered intraperitoneally while still on diet. Serum/urine parameters, enzymes of carbohydrate metabolism and oxidative stress were analyzed. CP caused perturbation of the antioxidant defense as reflected by the decrease in the activities of catalase, superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase. Further the activities of various enzymes involved in glycolysis, tricarboxylic acid cycle, gluconeogenesis and hexose monophosphate shunt pathways were determined and were found to be differentially altered by CP treatment. However, these alterations were ameliorated in CP-treated rats fed on FXO. Present results show that dietary supplementation of FXO in CP-treated rats ameliorated CP-induced hepatotoxic and other deleterious effects due to its intrinsic biochemical/antioxidant properties.

PMID:
22249395
DOI:
10.1177/0960327111432502
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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