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Int J Psychol. 2012;47(4):259-68. doi: 10.1080/00207594.2011.631544. Epub 2012 Jan 17.

Music preferences and personality among Japanese university students.

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  • 1Department of Information and Communication Studies, Bunkyo University, Chigasaki, Japan.


Little research has been conducted outside of the European-North American cultural area concerning the personality-based determinants of musical genre preferences The present research investigated the personality profiles and general music genre preferences of 268 Japanese college students. Six dimensions and 24 facets of personality, and 12 music genres, were assessed. Results indicated that, consistent with much previous research, openness (to experience) and particularly the facet of "aesthetic appreciation" were associated with a preference for "reflective" music (jazz, classical, opera, gospel, enka), while one extraversion facet (sociability) was associated with the preference for pop music. Other personality dimensions were less consistently associated with musical preferences, pointing to cultural differences and the need to assess both personality and music genres at more specific levels.

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