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Acta Orthop. 2012 Apr;83(2):115-20. doi: 10.3109/17453674.2011.652885. Epub 2012 Jan 17.

The effect of adding tobramycin to Simplex P cement on femoral stem micromotion as measured by radiostereometric analysis: a 2-year randomized controlled trial.

Author information

1
Concordia Joint Replacement Group, Concordia Hip and Knee Institute, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. ebohm@cjrg.ca

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Previous in vitro research on addition of antibiotics to bone cement has found no statistically significant deterioration in mechanical properties. However, no clinical studies have compared the performance of tobramycin-laden bone cement with that of standard bone cement (Simplex P).

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

23 patients (25 hips) were randomized to receive an Exeter (Stryker Orthopaedics) femoral stem cemented with either Simplex P (standard) or Simplex T (tobramycin-laden) cement. There were 2 years of follow-up, with scheduled radiostereometric (RSA) examinations.

RESULTS:

All stems migrated distally and showed some degree of retroversion. No clinically significant differences in stem subsidence or retroversion were found between the Simplex T and Simplex P cement groups after 2 years. Overall subsidence was less than in previous studies, probably due to a postponed initial post-surgical examination. Rates of subsidence in both cement groups were consistent with those from previous studies of Exeter stems.

INTERPRETATION:

Subsidence of the femoral stem after 2 years was similar in the Simplex T (tobramycin-laden) and Simplex P (standard) groups.

PMID:
22248163
PMCID:
PMC3339523
DOI:
10.3109/17453674.2011.652885
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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