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J Magn Reson Imaging. 2012 May;35(5):1071-6. doi: 10.1002/jmri.23541. Epub 2012 Jan 13.

Cardiac MRI of the fetal heart using a novel triggering method: initial results in an animal model.

Author information

1
Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany. j.yamamura@uke.uni-hamburg.de

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To investigate MRI of the fetal heart by way of a novel triggering method with the use of an MR-compatible cardiotocography (CTG) in an animal model.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Fetal cardiac MRI was performed on four pregnant ewes on a 1.5 Tesla (T) MR system. A CTG was rendered MR compatible and its signal was used for the triggering of the fetal heart to perform cardiac cine MRI of the fetal heart with maternal free-breathing with cine steady-state free precession. The left ventricular volume and function were measured from the short-axis (view). The image quality of anatomical structures was assessed.

RESULTS:

All cardiac valves and the foramen ovale could be visualized. Myocardial contraction was depicted in cine sequences. The average blood volume at the end systole was 1.7 mL (SD ± 0.12). The average volume at the end diastole was 4.6 mL (± 0.4); thus the average stroke volumes of the left ventricle were 2.87 mL (± 0.31) with ejection fractions of 60.53% (± 4.17).

CONCLUSION:

The newly developed MR compatible CTG could be used as a tool for cardiac triggering method of the fetal heart. This novel device might help fetal cardiac MRI technology in the future.

PMID:
22246623
DOI:
10.1002/jmri.23541
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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