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Int Urogynecol J. 2012 Jun;23(6):687-97. doi: 10.1007/s00192-011-1651-5. Epub 2012 Jan 14.

Pelvic floor muscle training for urgency urinary incontinence in women: a systematic review.

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Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Division of Urogynecology, Department of OB-GYN, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104-4283, USA.


The objective of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of existing physiotherapy modalities for the treatment of urge urinary incontinence (UUI). A systematic review was performed for primary studies of physiotherapy techniques for UUI published in English between 1996 and August 2010 in major electronic databases. Only randomized clinical trials that reported outcomes separately for women with UUI were included. Outcomes assessed were reduction in UUI, urinary frequency, and nocturia. Data from 13 full-text trials including the modalities of pelvic floor muscles exercises with or without biofeedback, vaginal electrical stimulation, magnetic stimulation, and vaginal cones were analyzed. The methodologic quality of these trials was fair. Significant improvement in UUI was reported for all physiotherapy techniques except vaginal cone therapy. There are insufficient data to determine if pelvic physiotherapy improves urinary frequency or nocturia. Evidence suggests that physiotherapy techniques may be beneficial for the treatment of UUI.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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