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Am J Ophthalmol. 2012 May;153(5):789-803.e2. doi: 10.1016/j.ajo.2011.10.026. Epub 2012 Jan 15.

Treatment outcomes in the Tube Versus Trabeculectomy (TVT) study after five years of follow-up.

Author information

1
Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Florida, USA. sgedde@med.miami.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To report 5-year treatment outcomes in the Tube Versus Trabeculectomy (TVT) Study.

DESIGN:

Multicenter randomized clinical trial.

METHODS:

SETTINGS:

Seventeen clinical centers.

STUDY POPULATION:

Patients 18 to 85 years of age who had previous trabeculectomy and/or cataract extraction with intraocular lens implantation and uncontrolled glaucoma with intraocular pressure (IOP) ≥18 mm Hg and ≤40 mm Hg on maximum tolerated medical therapy.

INTERVENTIONS:

Tube shunt (350-mm(2) Baerveldt glaucoma implant) or trabeculectomy with mitomycin C ([MMC]; 0.4 mg/mL for 4 minutes).

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

IOP, visual acuity, use of supplemental medical therapy, and failure (IOP >21 mm Hg or not reduced by 20%, IOP ≤5 mm Hg, reoperation for glaucoma, or loss of light perception vision).

RESULTS:

A total of 212 eyes of 212 patients were enrolled, including 107 in the tube group and 105 in the trabeculectomy group. At 5 years, IOP (mean ± SD) was 14.4 ± 6.9 mm Hg in the tube group and 12.6 ± 5.9 mm Hg in the trabeculectomy group (P = .12). The number of glaucoma medications (mean ± SD) was 1.4 ± 1.3 in the tube group and 1.2 ± 1.5 in the trabeculectomy group (P = .23). The cumulative probability of failure during 5 years of follow-up was 29.8% in the tube group and 46.9% in the trabeculectomy group (P = .002; hazard ratio = 2.15; 95% confidence interval = 1.30 to 3.56). The rate of reoperation for glaucoma was 9% in the tube group and 29% in the trabeculectomy group (P = .025).

CONCLUSIONS:

Tube shunt surgery had a higher success rate compared to trabeculectomy with MMC during 5 years of follow-up in the TVT Study. Both procedures were associated with similar IOP reduction and use of supplemental medical therapy at 5 years. Additional glaucoma surgery was needed more frequently after trabeculectomy with MMC than tube shunt placement.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00306852.

PMID:
22245458
PMCID:
PMC4460598
DOI:
10.1016/j.ajo.2011.10.026
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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