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Trends Ecol Evol. 2012 Apr;27(4):244-52. doi: 10.1016/j.tree.2011.11.014. Epub 2012 Jan 13.

The return of the variance: intraspecific variability in community ecology.

Author information

1
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, USA. cyrille.violle@cefe.cnrs.fr

Abstract

Despite being recognized as a promoter of diversity and a condition for local coexistence decades ago, the importance of intraspecific variance has been neglected over time in community ecology. Recently, there has been a new emphasis on intraspecific variability. Indeed, recent developments in trait-based community ecology have underlined the need to integrate variation at both the intraspecific as well as interspecific level. We introduce new T-statistics ('T' for trait), based on the comparison of intraspecific and interspecific variances of functional traits across organizational levels, to operationally incorporate intraspecific variability into community ecology theory. We show that a focus on the distribution of traits at local and regional scales combined with original analytical tools can provide unique insights into the primary forces structuring communities.

PMID:
22244797
DOI:
10.1016/j.tree.2011.11.014
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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