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Gynecol Obstet Fertil. 2012 Feb;40(2):109-15. doi: 10.1016/j.gyobfe.2011.10.009. Epub 2012 Jan 12.

[Oral combined contraception: is there any difference between ethinyl-estradiol and estradiol?].

[Article in French]

Author information

1
Centre de ménopause, hôpital Paule de Viguier, 330, avenue de Grande-Bretagne, TSA 70034, 31059 Toulouse cedex 9, France. tremollieres.f@chu-toulouse.fr

Abstract

Estradiol 17-β, which is the natural estrogen in women, offers an alternative to ethinyl-estradiol to be used in combined oral contraceptives. Thanks to its biochemical structure, estradiol has a far lesser impact on the synthesis of hepatic proteins than ethinyl-estradiol, which is likely to result in a better metabolic and vascular profile. However and until lately, the different clinical trials that had investigated estradiol-containing oral contraceptives were limited by bleeding disturbances, with breakthrough and irregular bleeding and higher rates of discontinuation. Development of anti-gonadotropic progestins with a potent endometrial activity is likely to make possible their combination with estradiol in oral contraceptives. The objective of this current review is to provide an overview of the development of combined oral contraceptives containing natural estrogen from the respective biochemical and pharmacological characteristics of ethinyl-estradiol and estradiol.

PMID:
22244780
DOI:
10.1016/j.gyobfe.2011.10.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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