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Structure. 2012 Jan 11;20(1):5-14. doi: 10.1016/j.str.2011.12.003.

Computational design of membrane proteins.

Author information

1
Department of Chemistry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.

Abstract

Membrane proteins are involved in a wide variety of cellular processes, and are typically part of the first interaction a cell has with extracellular molecules. As a result, these proteins comprise a majority of known drug targets. Membrane proteins are among the most difficult proteins to obtain and characterize, and a structure-based understanding of their properties can be difficult to elucidate. Notwithstanding, the design of membrane proteins can provide stringent tests of our understanding of these crucial biological systems, as well as introduce novel or targeted functionalities. Computational design methods have been particularly helpful in addressing these issues, and this review discusses recent studies that tailor membrane proteins to display specific structures or functions and examines how redesigned membrane proteins are being used to facilitate structural and functional studies.

PMID:
22244752
PMCID:
PMC4108999
DOI:
10.1016/j.str.2011.12.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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