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Biomaterials. 2012 Apr;33(10):2872-9. doi: 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2011.12.040. Epub 2012 Jan 13.

Transplantation of platelet gel spiked with cardiosphere-derived cells boosts structural and functional benefits relative to gel transplantation alone in rats with myocardial infarction.

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  • 1The Heart Institute, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA 90048, USA.

Abstract

The emerging field of stem cell therapy and biomaterials has begun to provide promising strategies for the treatment of ischemic cardiomyopathy. Platelet gel and cardiosphere-derived cells (CDCs) are known to be beneficial when transplanted separately post-myocardial infarction (MI). We hypothesize that pre-seeding platelet gel with CDCs can enhance therapeutic efficacy. Platelet gel and CDCs were derived from venous blood and heart biopsies of syngeneic rats, respectively. In vitro, the viability, growth, and morphology of CDCs cultured in platelet gel were characterized. When delivered into infarcted rat hearts, platelet gel pre-seeded with CDCs was more efficiently populated with endogenous cardiomyocytes and endothelial cells than platelet gel alone. Recruitment of endogenous c-kit positive cells was enhanced in the hearts treated with gel with CDC. At 3 weeks, the hearts treated with CDC-seeded platelet gel exhibited the greatest attenuation of adverse left ventricular (LV) remodeling and the highest cardiac function (i.e., LV ejection fraction) as compared to hearts transplanted with Gel only or vehicle controls. Histological analysis revealed that, though some transplanted CDCs differentiated into cardiomyocytes and endothelial cells in the recipients' hearts, most of the incremental benefit arose from CDC-mediated endogenous repair. Pre-seeding platelet gel with CDCs enhanced the functional benefit of biomaterial therapy for treating myocardial infarction.

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