Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Drug Metab Pharmacokinet. 2012;27(2):248-54. Epub 2012 Jan 13.

Impact of concomitant antacid administration on gabapentin plasma exposure and oral bioavailability in healthy adult subjects.

Author information

1
Department of Hospital Pharmacy, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, Hamamatsu.

Abstract

The aim of this open-label, randomized, and 3-period crossover study was to evaluate the influences of concomitant antacid administration on the plasma disposition, intestinal absorption, and urinary excretion of gabapentin in humans. Gabapentin (200 mg) was orally administered alone, with 1 g magnesium oxide (MgO), or with 20 mg omeprazole to 13 healthy adult subjects. Oral bioavailability (BA) of gabapentin was estimated by 24-h urine collection. The C(max), T(max) and AUC(0-∞) of gabapentin + MgO were significantly lower than that of gabapentin alone (by 33%, 36% and 43%, respectively) and gabapentin + omeprazole (by 29%, 46% and 40%, respectively). In contrast, no significant differences were observed in the plasma disposition parameters of gabapentin between the treatments with and without omeprazole. The gabapentin BA in the MgO treatment was significantly lower, by 32% and 39%, compared to the gabapentin alone and with omeprazole treatment, respectively. There was no significant difference in the gabapentin BA between the gabapentin alone and with omeprazole treatment. Concomitant MgO and omeprazole did not affect the renal clearance of gabapentin. In conclusion, concomitant MgO decreased the gabapentin exposure through the reduction of intestinal absorption extent and rate. This reduction may be independent of the suppression of gastrointestinal acidification caused by antacids.

PMID:
22240839
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for J-STAGE, Japan Science and Technology Information Aggregator, Electronic
Loading ...
Support Center