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Neurology. 2012 Jan 24;78(4):269-78. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0b013e31824365e4. Epub 2012 Jan 11.

FLNA genomic rearrangements cause periventricular nodular heterotopia.

Author information

1
Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Boston, MA, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To identify copy number variant (CNV) causes of periventricular nodular heterotopia (PNH) in patients for whom FLNA sequencing is negative.

METHODS:

Screening of 35 patients from 33 pedigrees on an Affymetrix 6.0 microarray led to the identification of one individual bearing a CNV that disrupted FLNA. FLNA-disrupting CNVs were also isolated in 2 other individuals by multiplex ligation probe amplification. These 3 cases were further characterized by high-resolution oligo array comparative genomic hybridization (CGH), and the precise junctional breakpoints of the rearrangements were identified by PCR amplification and sequencing.

RESULTS:

We report 3 cases of PNH caused by nonrecurrent genomic rearrangements that disrupt one copy of FLNA. The first individual carried a 113-kb deletion that removes all but the first exon of FLNA. A second patient harbored a complex rearrangement including a deletion of the 3' end of FLNA accompanied by a partial duplication event. A third patient bore a 39-kb deletion encompassing all of FLNA and the neighboring gene EMD. High-resolution oligo array CGH of the FLNA locus suggests distinct molecular mechanisms for each of these rearrangements, and implicates nearby low copy repeats in their pathogenesis.

CONCLUSIONS:

These results demonstrate that FLNA is prone to pathogenic rearrangements, and highlight the importance of screening for CNVs in individuals with PNH lacking FLNA point mutations.

PMID:
22238415
PMCID:
PMC3280053
DOI:
10.1212/WNL.0b013e31824365e4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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