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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1990 Oct 24;1020(1):81-6.

Identification and purification of the carnitine carrier from rat liver mitochondria.

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Department of Pharmaco-Biology, University of Bari, Italy.


The carnitine carrier from rat liver mitochondria, solubilized in Triton X-100 and partially purified on hydroxyapatite, was identified and completely purified by specific elution from celite in the presence of cardiolipin. On SDS-gel electrophoresis, the purified celite fraction consisted of a single band with an apparent Mr of 32,500. When reconstituted into liposomes the carnitine transport protein catalyzed an N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive carnitine/carnitine exchange. It was purified 970-fold with a recovery of 43% and a protein yield of 0.04% with respect to the mitochondrial extract. The properties of the reconstituted carrier, i.e., requirement for a countersubstrate, substrate specificity and inhibitor sensitivity, were similar to those of the carnitine transport system as characterized in intact mitochondria.

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