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ISME J. 2012 Jul;6(7):1391-402. doi: 10.1038/ismej.2011.198. Epub 2012 Jan 12.

In situ proteo-metabolomics reveals metabolite secretion by the acid mine drainage bio-indicator, Euglena mutabilis.

Author information

1
UMR7156 Université de Strasbourg/CNRS, Génétique Moléculaire, Génomique et Microbiologie, Département Micro-organismes, Génomes, Environnement, Strasbourg, France.

Abstract

Euglena mutabilis is a photosynthetic protist found in acidic aquatic environments such as peat bogs, volcanic lakes and acid mine drainages (AMDs). Through its photosynthetic metabolism, this protist is supposed to have an important role in primary production in such oligotrophic ecosystems. Nevertheless, the exact contribution of E. mutabilis in organic matter synthesis remains unclear and no evidence of metabolite secretion by this protist has been established so far. Here we combined in situ proteo-metabolomic approaches to determine the nature of the metabolites accumulated by this protist or potentially secreted into an AMD. Our results revealed that the secreted metabolites are represented by a large number of amino acids, polyamine compounds, urea and some sugars but no fatty acids, suggesting a selective organic matter contribution in this ecosystem. Such a production may have a crucial impact on the bacterial community present on the study site, as it has been suggested previously that prokaryotes transport and recycle in situ most of the metabolites secreted by E. mutabilis. Consequently, this protist may have an indirect but important role in AMD ecosystems but also in other ecological niches often described as nitrogen-limited.

PMID:
22237547
PMCID:
PMC3379634
DOI:
10.1038/ismej.2011.198
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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