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Am J Hypertens. 2012 Apr;25(4):472-8. doi: 10.1038/ajh.2011.244. Epub 2012 Jan 12.

Association of left ventricular mass with the AGTR1 A1166C polymorphism.

Author information

1
Studies Coordinating Centre, Division of Hypertension and Cardiovascular Rehabilitation, Department of Cardiovascular Diseases, University of Leuven, Belgium.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The A1166C polymorphism is located within the microRNA-155 binding site of the human angiotensin II (Ang II) type-1 receptor (AGTR1) gene. The C allele interferes with the base-pairing complementariness between AGTR1 mRNA and microRNA-155 and thereby increases AGTR1 protein expression in vitro. We hypothesized that left ventricular (LV) mass is associated with the AGTR1 A1166C polymorphism.

METHODS:

Among 708 individuals (mean age, 49.4 years; 51.8% women) randomly recruited in a white European population, we measured LV structure by two-dimensional guided M-mode echocardiography, the AGTR1 A1166C polymorphism and the 24-h urinary aldosterone. We applied a mixed model to assess phenotype-genotype associations while adjusting for covariables and accounting for relatedness.

RESULTS:

The AA (49.1%), AC (42.8%), and CC (8.1%) genotypes were in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. Using a recessive model, CC homozygotes compared to A-allele carriers showed significant increases (P < 0.021) in LV mass index (+5.78 ± 2.25 g/m(2)), mean wall thickness (MWT) (+0.48 ± 0.15 mm), interventricular septum (IVS) (+0.60 ± 0.18 mm) and posterior wall thickness (PWT) (+0.34 ± 0.15 mm), but lower 24-h urinary aldosterone excretion (geometric mean, 22.4 vs. 19.0 nmol; P = 0.050). Sensitivity analyses in 552 participants untreated for hypertension were confirmatory.

CONCLUSIONS:

LV mass index is associated with the AGTR1 A1166C polymorphism. Further research should clarify to what extent this association might be mediated via different expression of AGTR1 as modulated by microRNA-155.

PMID:
22237156
DOI:
10.1038/ajh.2011.244
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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