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Am J Clin Nutr. 2012 Feb;95(2):309-17. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.111.012385. Epub 2012 Jan 11.

Leptin reverses declines in satiation in weight-reduced obese humans.

Author information

1
St Luke's/Roosevelt Hospital Medical Center, New York, NY, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Individuals who are weight-reduced or leptin deficient have a lower energy expenditure coupled with higher hunger and disinhibition and/or delayed satiation compared with never-weight-reduced control subjects. Because exogenous leptin inhibits feeding in congenitally leptin-deficient humans, reduced leptin signaling may reduce the expression of feeding inhibition in humans.

OBJECTIVE:

The objective was to test the hypothesis that reduced leptin signaling may reduce the expression of feeding inhibition (ie, blunt satiation) in humans by examining the effects of leptin repletion on feeding behavior after weight loss.

DESIGN:

Ten obese humans (4 men, 6 women) were studied as inpatients while they received a weight-maintaining liquid-formula diet. Satiation was studied by measuring intake and ratings of appetite-related dispositions 3 h after ingestion of 300 kcal of the liquid-formula diet. The subjects were studied at each of 3 time periods: 1) while they maintained their usual weight (Wt(initial)) and then after weight reduction and stabilization at 10% below initial weight and while they received 5 wk of either 2) twice-daily injections of placebo (Wt(-10%placebo)) or 3) "replacement doses" of leptin (Wt(-10%leptin)) in a single-blind crossover design with a 2-wk washout period between treatments. Energy expenditure was also measured at each study period.

RESULTS:

Both energy expenditure and visual analog scale ratings that reflect satiation were significantly lower at Wt(-10%placebo) than at Wt(initial) and Wt(-10%leptin).

CONCLUSION:

The results are consistent with the hypothesis that the absence of leptin signaling after weight loss may blunt the expression of feeding inhibition in humans.

PMID:
22237063
PMCID:
PMC3260066
DOI:
10.3945/ajcn.111.012385
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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