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Prog Neurol Surg. 2012;25:163-75. doi: 10.1159/000331190. Epub 2012 Jan 6.

Brain metastasis from renal cell carcinoma.

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Department of Neurosurgery, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.


Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is one of primary cancers which metastasis to the brain frequently, although RCC accounts for only 1% of all cancer. The metastatic tumor from RCC has the propensity of intratumoral hemorrhage and relatively massive surrounding edema compared with other metastatic tumors. These characteristics make an emphasis on the surgical resection in the management of metastatic tumor. However, the surgery is not always possible due to the characteristics of tumor and patient. The outcome of conventional whole brain radiotherapy is unsatisfactory due to the resistant feature of RCC to the radiation, although it plays an important role in other malignancies. The stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) including various modalities have showed the excellent outcomes in the control of tumor itself and surrounding edema. The repeatability of SRS is also attractive merit, because the new brain metastasis can be encountered in anytime regardless of the first-line treatment modalities. A few adverse effects following SRS have been reported however, incidence and severity could be acceptable without severe morbidity. Therefore, SRS must be emphasized in the management of brain metastasis from RCC and individual various combined treatment strategies could be suggested.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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