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Pharm Biol. 2012 Feb;50(2):162-6. doi: 10.3109/13880209.2011.581672.

Trypanocide, cytotoxic, and antifungal activities of Momordica charantia.

Author information

1
Laboratório de Microbiologia e Biologia Molecular, Universidade Regional do Cariri, Crato (CE), Brasil.

Abstract

CONTEXT:

Chagas disease, caused by Trypanosoma cruzi, is a public health problem. Currently, chemotherapy is the only available treatment for this disease, and the drugs used, nifurtimox and benzonidazol, present high toxicity levels. An alternative for replacing these drugs are natural extracts from Momordica charantia L. (Cucurbitaceae) used in traditional medicine because of their antimicrobial and biological activities.

OBJECTIVE:

In this study, we evaluated the extract of M. charantia for its antiepimastigote, antifungal, and cytotoxic activities.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

An ethanol extract of leaves from M. charantia was prepared. To research in vitro antiepimastigote activity, T. cruzi CL-B5 clone was used. Epimastigotes were inoculated at a concentration of 1 × 10(5) cells/mL in 200 µl tryptose-liver infusion. For the cytotoxicity assay, J774 macrophages were used. The antifungal activity was evaluated by microdilution using strains of Candida albicans, Candida tropicalis, and Candida krusei.

RESULTS:

The effective concentration capable of killing 50% of parasites (IC(50)) was 46.06 µg/mL. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was ≤ 1024 µg/mL. Metronidazole showed a potentiation of its antifungal effect when combined with an extract of M. charantia.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our results indicate that M. charantia could be a source of plant-derived natural products with antiepimastigote and antifungal-modifying activity with moderate toxicity.

PMID:
22235885
DOI:
10.3109/13880209.2011.581672
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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