Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Cell Biochem. 2012 Jun;113(6):1926-35. doi: 10.1002/jcb.24061.

Heme induced oxidative stress attenuates sirtuin1 and enhances adipogenesis in mesenchymal stem cells and mouse pre-adipocytes.

Author information

1
Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, College of Medicine, The University of Toledo, Toledo, Ohio 43614, USA.

Abstract

Patho-physiological conditions with high oxidative stress, such as conditions associated with increased denatured heme-proteins, are associated with enhanced adipogenic response. This effect predominantly manifests as adipocyte hypertrophy characterized by dysfunctional, pro-inflammatory adipocytes exhibiting reduced expression of anti-inflammatory hormone, adiponectin. To understand how increased levels of cellular heme, a pro-oxidant molecule, modulates adipogenesis; the following study was designed to evaluate effects of heme on adipogenesis in human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) and mouse pre-adipocytes (3T3L1). Experiments were conducted in the absence and in the presence of a superoxide dismutase (SOD) mimetic (tempol, 100 µM). Heme (10 µM) increased (P<0.05) adipogenesis in hMSCs and mouse pre-adipocytes, where tempol alone (100 µmol/L) attenuated adipogenesis in these cells (P<0.05). Tempol also reversed heme-induced increase in adipogenesis in both hMSCs and mouse pre-adipocytes (P<0.05). In addition, heme exposed 3T3L1 exhibited reduced (P<0.05) expression of transcriptional regulator-sirtuin 1 (Sirt1), along with, increased (P<0.05) expression of adipogenic markers peroxisome proliferators-activated receptor-gamma (PPARγ), C/EBPα, and aP2. These effects of heme were rescued (P<0.05) in cells concurrently treated with heme and tempol (P<0.05) and prevented in cells over-expressing Sirt1. Taken together, our results indicate that heme-induced oxidative stress inhibits Sirt1, thus un-inhibiting adipogenic regulators such as PPARγ and C/EBPα; which in turn induce increased adipogenesis along with adipocyte hypertrophy in pre-adipocytes. Anti-oxidant induced offsetting of these effects of heme supports the role of heme-dependent oxidative stress in mediating such events.

PMID:
22234917
PMCID:
PMC3360793
DOI:
10.1002/jcb.24061
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Publication type, MeSH terms, Substances, Grant support

Publication type

MeSH terms

Substances

Grant support

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center