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Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2012 Feb 14;14(6):1934-44. doi: 10.1039/c2cp22768a. Epub 2012 Jan 10.

Superstructure based on β-CD self-assembly induced by a small guest molecule.

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Laboratório de Encapsulamento Molecular e Biomateriais (LEMB), Departamento de Química, Instituto de Ciências Exatas, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, 31270-901, MG, Brazil.


The size, shape and surface chemistry of nanoparticles play an important role in cellular interaction. Thus, the main objective of the present study was the determination of the β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) self-assembly thermodynamic parameters and its structure, aiming to use these assemblies as a possible controlled drug release system. Light scattering measurements led us to obtain the β-CD's critical aggregation concentration (cac) values, and consequently the thermodynamic parameters of the β-CD spontaneous self-assembly in aqueous solution: Δ(agg)G(o) = -16.31 kJ mol(-1), Δ(agg)H(o) = -26.48 kJ mol(-1) and TΔ(agg)S(o) = -10.53 kJ mol(-1) at 298.15 K. Size distribution of the self-assembled nanoparticles below and above cac was 1.5 nm and 60-120 nm, respectively. The number of β-CD molecules per cluster and the second virial coefficient were identified through Debye's plot and molecular dynamic simulations proposed the three-fold assembly for this system below cac. Ampicillin (AMP) was used as a drug model in order to investigate the key role of the guest molecule in the self-assembly process and the β-CD:AMP supramolecular system was studied in solution, aiming to determine the structure of the supramolecular aggregate. Results obtained in solution indicated that the β-CD's cac was not affected by adding AMP. Moreover, different complex stoichiometries were identified by nuclear magnetic resonance and isothermal titration calorimetry experiments.

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