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J Antimicrob Chemother. 2012 Apr;67(4):906-9. doi: 10.1093/jac/dkr563. Epub 2012 Jan 9.

Rapid detection of carbapenemase genes by multiplex real-time PCR.

Author information

1
Esoteric Testing Laboratory, Pathology Department, Tampa General Hospital, Tampa, FL, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To develop a single multiplex real-time PCR assay to detect six different genetic types of carbapenemases already identified in Enterobacteriaceae (KPC, GES, NDM, IMP, VIM and OXA-48).

METHODS:

A total of 58 bacterial isolates were tested. Thirty were previously characterized as resistant to carbapenems and documented by PCR and sequencing analysis to carry the following genes: bla(KPC) type, bla(GES) type, bla(IMP) type, bla(VIM) type, bla(OXA-48) and bla(NDM-1). These positive strains included 21 Enterobacteriaceae, 1 Acinetobacter baumannii and 8 Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates. The remaining 28 isolates previously tested susceptible to carbapenems and were negative for these genes. Bacterial DNA was extracted using the easyMag extractor (bioMérieux, France). The real-time PCR was performed using the Rotor-Gene 6000 instrument (Corbett Life Science, Australia) and specific primers for each carbapenemase target were designed using the DNAStar software (Madison, WI, USA).

RESULTS:

Each one of the six carbapenemase genes tested presented a different melting curve after PCR amplification. The melting temperature (T(m)) analysis of the amplicons identified was as follows: bla(IMP) type (T(m) 80.1°C), bla(OXA-48) (T(m) 81.6°C), bla(NDM-1) (T(m) 84°C), bla(GES) type (T(m) 88.6°C), bla(VIM) type (T(m) 90.3°C) and bla(KPC) type (T(m) 91.6°C). No amplification was detected among the negative samples. The results showed 100% concordance with the genotypes previously identified.

CONCLUSIONS:

The new assay was able to detect the presence of six different carbapenemase gene types in a single 3 h PCR.

PMID:
22232516
DOI:
10.1093/jac/dkr563
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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