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Int J Crit Illn Inj Sci. 2011 Jul;1(2):110-3. doi: 10.4103/2229-5151.84794.

Resource utilization in the management of traumatic brain injury patients in a critical care unit: An audit from rural setup of a developing country.

Author information

1
Department of Neurosurgery, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences, Sawangi (Meghe), Wardha, India.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Traumatic brain injuries (TBI) are steadily increasing and are a major cause of mortality and morbidity, particularly in the young population, leading to the loss of life and productivity in the developing countries. Providing critical care to these patients with TBI is a challenge even in well-advanced centers in major cities of India. In the present study, we describe our experience of resource utilization in the management of TBI in a critical care unit (CCU) from a rural setup.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

All consecutive patients who were admitted from January 2007 to December 2009 in the CCU for the management of traumatic brain injury were included in the study. The case records of the patients were reviewed retrospectively, and data were collected on age, gender, severity of head injury, associated injuries, total CCU stay, total hospital stay, and outcome.

RESULTS:

The total duration (days) of hospital stay was 8.96±6.16 days and a median of 8 days, and CCU stay was 3.77±6.34 days with a median of 2 days. No deaths occurred with mild head injury. A total of 73 (19.16%) deaths occurred in 381 admitted subjects in CCU. The risk of death among both the sexes is not significantly different, that is, odds ratio (OR) 1.032 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.351-3.03], so also the risk of death among the different age groups is also not significant having OR, 0.978 (95% CI, 0.954-1.00). The severity of head injury (mild, moderate, and severe) and CCU stay parameters had significant difference with risk of death [OR, 3.22 (95% CI, 2.49-4.16) and OR, 2.50 (95% CI, 1.9-3.2)].

CONCLUSIONS:

Apparently it seems possible to use the existing health care structures in rural areas to improve trauma care. It becomes particularly relevant in poor resource, developing countries, where health care facilities and access to specialized care units are still far below the acceptable standard, there is a need to compare with the reference group to further support the evidence.

KEYWORDS:

Critical care; head injury; intensive care unit; rural; traumatic brain injury

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