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J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2011 Nov 1;5(6):1521-8.

Pancreatic polypeptide administration enhances insulin sensitivity and reduces the insulin requirement of patients on insulin pump therapy.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, Baltimore, Maryland 21224 , USA.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

The effects of pancreatic polypeptide (PP) infusion were examined in patients on insulin pump therapy to determine whether PP administration can reduce insulin requirements in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) or type 3c diabetes mellitus (T3cDM; pancreatogenic).

METHODS:

Ten subjects with long-standing T1DM (n = 7) or T3cDM (n = 3) on insulin pump treatment received a 72 h subcutaneous infusion of 2 pmol/kg/min bovine PP or saline by portable infusion pump in a single-blinded, randomized, crossover design.

RESULTS:

Pancreatic polypeptide infusion raised plasma PP levels to 450-700 pmol/liter. Daily insulin infusion requirements (I) fell from 48 ± 6.9 to 40 ± 7.5 U on day 2 (p < .05) and from 46 ± 7.7 to 37 ± 6.6 U on day 3 (p < .05) of PP infusion compared with saline. Corrected for average blood glucose concentration (G), I/G fell in 10/10 subjects during the second 24 h period and in 7/10 subjects during the third 24 h period; sensitivity to insulin, calculated as 1/(I/G), increased 45% ± 12% on day 2 (p < .01) and 34% ± 14% on day 3 (p < .05) of PP infusion. Pancreatic polypeptide responses to a test meal were compared with the change in insulin infusion requirements in 5 subjects; the reduction in insulin requirements seen during PP infusion correlated with the degree of baseline PP deficiency (p < .002).

CONCLUSIONS:

A concurrent subcutaneous infusion of PP enhances insulin sensitivity and reduces insulin requirements in patients with long-standing T1DM and T3cDM on insulin pump therapy. The benefit of PP infusion correlated with the degree of PP deficiency.

PMID:
22226275
PMCID:
PMC3262724
DOI:
10.1177/193229681100500629
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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