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Gerodontology. 2012 Jun;29(2):96-105. doi: 10.1111/j.1741-2358.2010.00405.x. Epub 2012 Jan 9.

Screening for elder mistreatment in dental and medical clinics.

Author information

1
NYU College of Nursing, New York University, New York, NY 10003, USA. t.fulmer@neu.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Elder mistreatment (EM) is a potentially fatal and largely unrecognised problem in the United States. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of EM in busy clinics and specifically, we report on the feasibility of screening for EM as well as the appropriate instrumentation for screening.

BACKGROUND:

Prevalence estimates for elder mistreatment vary, but recent data from a national sample of community-residing adults over 60 years of age indicate that 11.4% of older adults report some form of elder mistreatment. There is a paucity of research related to screening in dental and medical clinics to understand the prevalence in such practice settings.

METHODS:

A cross-sectional study was conducted from January 2008 to March 2009. We enrolled 241 patients at two clinics: a medical clinic (n = 102) and dental clinics (n = 139). A mini-mental status exam was conducted with a minimum of 18 or better for inclusion. An elder mistreatment screen was next used [elder assessment instrument (EAI-R) for medical and Hwalek-Sengstock elder abuse screening test (HS-EAST) for dental].

RESULTS:

For the 241 patients, we were able to compare data from the EAI-R with the HS-EAST. This pilot work demonstrates the feasibility of screening for EM in busy clinics since we documented patient enrolment of 20% in the medical clinics and 66% in dental clinics. Patients are willing to answer extremely-sensitive questions related to elder mistreatment and are also willing to use computer technology for interviewing.

CONCLUSION:

Dental and medical clinics are important practice venues to screen for elder mistreatment.

PMID:
22225431
PMCID:
PMC3325327
DOI:
10.1111/j.1741-2358.2010.00405.x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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