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Biochemistry. 2012 Jan 24;51(3):820-8. doi: 10.1021/bi201731p. Epub 2012 Jan 17.

Factor VIII light chain contains a binding site for factor X that contributes to the catalytic efficiency of factor Xase.

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Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, New York 14642, United States.


Factor (F) VIII functions as a cofactor in FXase, markedly accelerating the rate of FIXa-catalyzed activation of FX. Earlier work identified a FX-binding site having μM affinity within the COOH-terminal region of the FVIIIa A1 subunit. In the present study, surface plasmon resonance (SPR), ELISA-based binding assays, and chemical cross-linking were employed to assess an interaction between FX and the FVIII light chain (A3C1C2 domains). SPR and ELISA-based assays showed that FVIII LC bound to immobilized FX (K(d) = 165 and 370 nM, respectively). Furthermore, active site-modified activated protein C (DEGR-APC) effectively competed with FX in binding FVIII LC (apparent K(i) = 82.7 nM). Western blotting revealed that the APC-catalyzed cleavage rate at Arg(336) was inhibited by FX in a concentration-dependent manner. A synthetic peptide comprising FVIII residues 2007-2016 representing a portion of an APC-binding site blocked the interaction of FX and FVIII LC (apparent K(i) = 152 μM) and directly bound to FX (K(d) = 7.7 μM) as judged by SPR and chemical cross-linking. Ala-scanning mutagenesis of this sequence revealed that the A3C1C2 subunit derived from FVIII variants Thr2012Ala and Phe2014Ala showed 1.5- and 1.8-fold increases in K(d) for FX, whereas this value using the A3C1C2 subunit from a Thr2012Ala/Leu2013Ala/Phe2014Ala triple mutant was increased >4-fold. FXase formed using this LC triple mutant demonstrated an ~4-fold increase in the K(m) for FX. These results identify a relatively high affinity and functional FX site within the FVIIIa A3C1C2 subunit and show a contribution of residues Thr2012 and Phe2014 to this interaction.

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