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Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2012 Mar;19(3):334-7. doi: 10.1128/CVI.05358-11. Epub 2012 Jan 4.

Evaluation of three commercially available influenza A type-specific blocking enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays for seroepidemiological studies of influenza A virus infection in pigs.

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State Key Laboratory of Emerging Infectious Diseases & School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China.


The reverse zoonotic transmission of the pandemic H1N1 2009 influenza virus to swine necessitates enhanced surveillance of swine for influenza virus infection. Using a well-characterized panel of naturally infected swine sera, we evaluated and optimized the performances of three commercially available competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs), namely, the IDEXX Influenza A Ab test, IDEXX AI MultiS-Screen Ab test, and IDVet ID Screen influenza A antibody competition ELISA, for detecting influenza A virus-reactive antibodies in swine. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis suggests that adjustment of the manufacturer-recommended cutoff values optimizes the sensitivity and specificity of these assays, making them applicable for seroepidemiology studies of swine influenza. Using such optimized cutoff levels, the sensitivity and specificity of the IDEXX Influenza A Ab test were 86% and 89%, respectively; those for the IDEXX AI MultiS-Screen Ab test were 91% and 87%, respectively; and those for the IDVet ID Screen influenza A test were 95% and 79%, respectively.

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