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J Dent Res. 2012 Jun;91(6):528-35. doi: 10.1177/0022034511434055. Epub 2012 Jan 4.

Molecular and cellular regulatory mechanisms of tongue myogenesis.

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1
Center for Craniofacial Molecular Biology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA.

Abstract

The tongue exerts crucial functions in our daily life. However, we know very little about the regulatory mechanisms of mammalian tongue development. In this review, we summarize recent findings of the molecular and cellular mechanisms that control tissue-tissue interactions during tongue morphogenesis. Specifically, cranial neural crest cells (CNCC) lead the initiation of tongue bud formation and contribute to the interstitial connective tissue, which ultimately compartmentalizes tongue muscles and serves as their attachments. Occipital somite-derived cells migrate into the tongue primordium and give rise to muscle cells in the tongue. The intimate relationship between CNCC- and mesoderm-derived cells, as well as growth and transcription factors that have been shown to be crucial for tongue myogenesis, clearly indicate that tissue-tissue interactions play an important role in regulating tongue morphogenesis.

PMID:
22219210
PMCID:
PMC3348065
DOI:
10.1177/0022034511434055
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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