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Mol Biosyst. 2012 Mar;8(3):796-803. doi: 10.1039/c2mb05356j. Epub 2012 Jan 4.

Global mapping of protein phosphorylation events identifies Ste20, Sch9 and the cell-cycle regulatory kinases Cdc28/Pho85 as mediators of fatty acid starvation responses in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

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Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Southern Denmark, Odense M, Denmark.


Synthesis, degradation, and metabolism of fatty acids are strictly coordinated to meet the nutritional and energetic needs of cells and organisms. In the absence of exogenous fatty acids, proliferation and growth of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae depends on endogenous synthesis of fatty acids, which is catalysed by fatty acid synthase. In the present study, we have used quantitative proteomics to examine the cellular response to inhibition of fatty acid synthesis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We have identified approximately 2000 phosphorylation sites of which more than 400 have been identified as being regulated in a temporal manner in response to inhibition of fatty acid synthesis by cerulenin. By bioinformatic analysis of these phosphorylation events, we have identified the cell cycle kinases Cdc28 and Pho85, the PAK kinase Ste20 as well as the protein kinase Sch9 as central mediators of the cellular response to inhibition of fatty acid synthesis.

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