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J Asthma. 2012 Feb;49(1):98-106. doi: 10.3109/02770903.2011.644012. Epub 2012 Jan 5.

Predictors of asthma self-management education among children and adults--2006-2007 behavioral risk factor surveillance system asthma call-back survey.

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Division of Environmental Hazards and Health Effects, National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA.



Patient self-management, besides expert care, is necessary to improve health outcomes among persons with asthma. Our objective was to describe the characteristics of persons with asthma likely to receive asthma self-management education.


The 2006 and 2007 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) Child and Adult Asthma Call-back Survey (ACBS) data were analyzed. Binary and multinomial response logistic regression models were used to examine the association between asthma self-management education and explanatory variables.


Of the 31,278 persons who ever had asthma, 3953 of the children (75.8%) and 19,723 of the adults (72.8%) were classified as having active asthma. For both children and adults, the three most commonly reported asthma education components were being taught how to use an inhaler (78.6% and 89.8%, respectively); being taught what to do during an asthma episode (86.3% and 74.6%); and to recognize early signs or symptoms of an asthma episode (82.0% and 64.4%). Children and adults who reported routine care visits, hospitalization, and asthma episodes in the past 12 months because of asthma were more likely to report several asthma education components and higher asthma education scores. Children aged 12-17 years were more likely to report having instruction in peak flow meter use (1.3; 1.1-1.6) and inhaler use (1.3; 1.2-1.4), whereas older adults (aged 54-64 years or 65+ years), adults who were not high school (HS) graduates, and smokers were less likely to report having asthma management education than the corresponding comparison groups.


Having a routine care visit, being hospitalized, and having an asthma episode were significantly associated with reporting multiple asthma education components, whereas being an older adult, having less than a HS degree, and being a smoker were associated with reporting fewer asthma education components. Asthma control programs should continue to monitor asthma self-management education and promote asthma education to all persons with asthma, especially for older adults, persons with less education, and smokers.

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