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Genes Dev. 2012 Jan 1;26(1):43-53. doi: 10.1101/gad.177428.111.

Spatial arrangement of an RNA zipcode identifies mRNAs under post-transcriptional control.

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1
Department of Anatomy and Structural Biology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York 10461, USA.

Abstract

How RNA-binding proteins recognize specific sets of target mRNAs remains poorly understood because current approaches depend primarily on sequence information. In this study, we demonstrate that specific recognition of messenger RNAs (mRNAs) by RNA-binding proteins requires the correct spatial positioning of these sequences. We characterized both the cis-acting sequence elements and the spatial restraints that define the mode of RNA binding of the zipcode-binding protein 1 (ZBP1/IMP1/IGF2BP1) to the β-actin zipcode. The third and fourth KH (hnRNP K homology) domains of ZBP1 specifically recognize a bipartite RNA element comprised of a 5' element (CGGAC) followed by a variable 3' element (C/A-CA-C/U) that must be appropriately spaced. Remarkably, the orientation of these elements is interchangeable within target transcripts bound by ZBP1. The spatial relationship of this consensus binding site identified conserved transcripts that were verified to associate with ZBP1 in vivo. The dendritic localization of one of these transcripts, spinophilin, was found to be dependent on both ZBP1 and the RNA elements recognized by ZBP1 KH34.

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PMID:
22215810
PMCID:
PMC3258965
DOI:
10.1101/gad.177428.111
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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