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J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 2012 Dec;40(8):675-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jcms.2011.11.004. Epub 2011 Dec 31.

The pattern of the maxillofacial fractures - A multicentre retrospective study.

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Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Kothiwal Dental College Research Centre and Hospital, Moradabad, Uttar Pradesh, India.


Aim of the present study was to report on the survey of fractures, frequency of presentation, sex and age distributions, aetiology, site distributions, associated injuries & modalities of treatment rendered at muticentres treated by the division of oral and maxillofacial surgery between 2000 and 2005 in Karnataka state of India. Study revealed that the common cause for the facial fractures was found to be traffic accidents (72.7%) with a male preponderance and peak incidence during 20-30 years of age. Isolated mandibular fractures were most frequent [1035 patients (41.7%)] followed by isolated mid face fractures [526 patients (21.2%)]. Among mid face fractures, zygomatic bone and arch were most frequently involved. Open reduction and internal fixation and closed method were used in almost the same frequency. Traffic accidents are the leading cause of the maxillofacial fractures from the observation made from the study. Legislations preventive measures to be enforced and abided by every citizen.

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