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Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2011 Dec;1245:14-6. doi: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.2011.06335.x.

Animal welfare and the 3Rs in European biomedical research.

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Department of Veterinary Basic Sciences, The Royal Veterinary College, London, United Kingdom.


The new Directive 2010/63/EU to ensure harmonization of animal experimentation rules has potential to increase implementation of the 3Rs (reduce, refine, replace) and improve animal welfare across Europe.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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