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Dig Endosc. 2012 Jan;24(1):21-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1443-1661.2011.01154.x. Epub 2011 Apr 18.

Beyond the snare: technically accessible large en bloc colonic resection in the West: an animal study.

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1
Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Westmead Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) and circumferential submucosal incision endoscopic mucosal resection (CSI-EMR) are techniques for en bloc excision of large sessile colonic lesions. Our aims were to compare the efficacy, safety and learning curve of colonic hybrid knife (HK) ESD versus CSI-EMR for en bloc excision of 50 mm diameter hemi-circumferential artificial lesions in a porcine model.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Two separate 50 mm diameter areas of normal recto-sigmoid mucosa were marked out in each of ten pigs. One was excised with HK-ESD using succinylated gelatin (SG) submucosal injection. The other was isolated with CSI with the Insulated Tip Knife 2 followed by SG submucosal injection then EMR with a large snare. Euthanasia and colectomy was performed at 72 h followed by blinded histopathology assessment.

RESULTS:

En bloc excision rates were: HK-ESD 100% versus CSI-EMR 20% (P = 0.008). The mean number of resections per lesion was HK-ESD 1 versus CSI-EMR 3 (P = 0.001). The mean dimensions of the largest specimen per technique were HK-ESD 63 × 54 mm versus CSI-EMR 49 × 41 mm (P = 0.005). Procedure duration mean was HK-ESD 54 min versus CSI-EMR 22 min (P < 0.001). When procedure duration was adjusted for the size of the resected en bloc specimen, a statistically significant and accelerated learning effect was noted for HK-ESD (r = -0.83, P = 0.003). There were no perforations and no significant bleeding.

CONCLUSIONS:

HK-ESD with SG submucosal injection is superior to CSI-EMR for en bloc excision of 50 mm diameter lesions in a porcine model. The technique is rapidly learnt. This novel approach may lower the barrier to colonic ESD for Western endoscopists.

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