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Scand J Rheumatol. 2012 Mar;41(2):132-40. doi: 10.3109/03009742.2011.605391. Epub 2012 Jan 3.

Functional folate receptor beta-expressing macrophages in osteoarthritis synovium and their M1/M2 expression profiles.

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1
Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Kagoshima University, Kagoshima, Japan.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The distribution of folate receptor (FR)-β+ macrophages and their M1/M2 expression profiles were examined in osteoarthritis (OA) synovial tissues, and compared to those in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) synovial tissues and CD163+ macrophages in both OA and RA synovial tissues.

METHOD:

The phenotypes and fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-folate uptake of FR-β+ synovial macrophages were analysed by flow cytometry. The distribution of FR-β+ macrophages in OA and RA synovial tissues was examined by immunofluorescent microscopy. Tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), interleukin (IL)-10, and transforming growth factor (TGF)-β expression in FR-β+ macrophages was detected by double-immunostaining in both OA and RA synovial tissues.

RESULTS:

FR-β+ macrophages were predominantly present in the synovial lining layer in OA patients. The proportion of CD163-FR-β+ cells in synovial mononuclear cells (MNCs) was increased in OA compared to RA synovial tissues. FR-β(high) macrophages from OA synovial tissues represented the majority of folic acid-binding cells. Although FR-β+ or CD163+ macrophages in the synovial tissues of OA and RA patients expressed a mixed pattern of M1 and M2 macrophage markers, there were more M2 markers expressing synovial macrophages in OA than in RA patients.

CONCLUSIONS:

The distribution and M1/M2 expression profiles of FR-β+ synovial macrophages were different between OA and RA synovial tissues. Thus, the findings underscore that the M1/M2 paradigm using surface markers FR-β and CD163 is an oversimplification of macrophage subsets. Functional FR-β present on OA synovial macrophages provides a potential tool for the diagnosis and treatment of OA.

PMID:
22211358
DOI:
10.3109/03009742.2011.605391
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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