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J Perinat Educ. 2011 Winter;20(1):45-53. doi: 10.1891/1058-1243.20.1.45.

African American Women's Preparation for Childbirth From the Perspective of African American Health-Care Providers.


Preparation for birthing has focused primarily on Caucasian women. No studies have explored African American women's birth preparation. From the perceptions of 12 African American maternity health-care providers, this study elicited perceptions of the ways in which pregnant African American women prepare for childbirth. Focus group participants answered seven semistructured questions. Four themes emerged: connecting with nurturers, traversing an unresponsive system, the need to be strong, and childbirth classes not a priority. Recommendations for nurses and childbirth educators include: (a) self-awareness of attitudes toward African Americans, (b) empowering of clients for birthing,


childbirth classes; childbirth preparation; pregnant African American women; racism

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