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Am J Physiol. 1990 Oct;259(4 Pt 1):E561-7.

Acute effects of insulin-like growth factor I and insulin on glucose metabolism in vivo.

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  • 1Department of Neurology, University of Rochester, School of Medicine and Dentistry, New York 14642.


We have compared the actions of insulin-like growth factor (IGF-I) and insulin on glucose metabolism in vivo, using the glucose clamp technique in rats. Both hormones caused dose-dependent inhibition of hepatic glucose production, stimulation of whole body glucose disposal, and an increase in the glucose metabolic rate of specific muscles. Infusion of IGF-I also decreased the plasma concentration of insulin. An an infusion rate of 0.57, IGF-I led to stimulation of whole body glucose uptake that was similar to the glucose uptake produced by infusion of 0.01 insulin. The glucose metabolic rate, as measured by 2-deoxy-D-glucose uptake, was comparable in quadriceps femoris, soleus, and diaphragm muscles during the infusion of 0.57 IGF-I and 0.01 insulin. However, at these rates of infusion, IGF-I caused only a 38 +/- 6% inhibition of hepatic glucose output compared with 66 +/- 12% inhibition by insulin (P less than 0.05). Thus, under these conditions, muscle is more responsive than liver to IGF-I, which agrees with the complement of IGF-I receptors in the two tissues.

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