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Genetics. 2012 Mar;190(3):1001-16. doi: 10.1534/genetics.111.134684. Epub 2011 Dec 29.

Among B-type cyclins only CLB5 and CLB6 promote premeiotic S phase in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

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Department of Biochemistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, T6G 2H7, Canada.


The Saccharomyces cerevisiae cyclin Clb5 is required for premeiotic S phase, meiotic recombination, and successful progression through meiosis. Clb5 is not essential for mitotic proliferation because Clb1-Clb4 can support DNA replication in clb5 clb6 mutants. Clb1, Clb3, and Clb4 accumulate in clb5 clb6 cells during meiotic differentiation yet fail to promote premeiotic DNA replication. When expressed under the regulation of the CLB5 promoter, Clb1 and Clb3 accumulate and are active in the early stages of meiotic differentiation but cannot induce premeiotic DNA replication, suggesting that they do not target Cdk1 to the necessary substrates. The Clb5 hydrophobic patch (HP) residues are important for Clb5 function but this motif alone does not provide the specificity required for Clb5 to induce premeiotic S phase. Domain exchange experiments demonstrated that the amino terminus of Clb5 when fused to Clb3 confers upon Clb3 the ability to induce premeiotic S phase. Chimeric cyclins containing smaller regions of the Clb5 amino terminus displayed reduced ability to activate premeiotic DNA replication despite being more abundant and having greater associated histone H1 kinase activity than endogenous Clb5. These observations suggest that Clb5 has a unique ability to trigger premeiotic S phase and that the amino-terminal region of Clb5 contributes to its specificity and regulates the functions performed by the cyclin-Cdk complex.

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