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Bioresour Technol. 2012 Feb;106:154-60. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2011.12.021. Epub 2011 Dec 13.

Stoichiometric conversion of biodiesel derived crude glycerol to hydrogen: Response surface methodology study of the effects of light intensity and crude glycerol and glutamate concentration.

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1
Département de Microbiologie et Immunologie, Université de Montréal, CP 6128 Succursale Centre-ville, Montréal, Québec, Canada H3C 3J7.

Abstract

Photofermentation by the photosynthetic bacterium Rhodopseudomonas palustris has been used to convert the crude glycerol fraction from biodiesel production to hydrogen as a means of converting this large resource to useful energy. In the present study response surface methodology was applied to investigate the interactive effects among several important process parameters; light intensity, and the concentrations of crude glycerol and glutamate, on the stoichiometric conversion of crude glycerol to hydrogen. Under optimal conditions, a light intensity of 175W/m(2), 30mM glycerol, and 4.5mM glutamate, 6.69mol hydrogen/mole of crude glycerol were obtained, a yield 96% of theoretical. Determination of nitrogenase activity and expression levels showed that there was relatively little variation in levels of nitrogenase protein with changes in process variables whereas nitrogenase activity varied considerably, with maximal nitrogenase activity (228nmol of C(2)H(4)/ml/min) at the optimal central point.

PMID:
22206915
DOI:
10.1016/j.biortech.2011.12.021
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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