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Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2012 Jul;114(6):572-6. doi: 10.1016/j.clineuro.2011.12.006. Epub 2011 Dec 27.

Spinal epidural abscess in adults caused by Staphylococcus aureus: clinical characteristics and prognostic factors.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Spinal epidural abscess (SEA) is a devastating infectious disease, which may result in neurologic sequelae. Staphylococcus (S.) aureus is a common pathogen of SEA. Here, we analyzed the clinical characteristics and laboratory data of adult patients with S. aureus SEA and compared the clinical characteristics of methicillin-sensitive S. aureus (MSSA) and methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) infections.

METHODS:

Between 2003 and 2008, we collected data regarding 29 adult cases of S. aureus SEA and analyzed the clinical presentations, magnetic resonance (MR) imaging features, therapeutic outcome, and prognostic factors. Antibiotic susceptibility test results of 11 implicated MRSA strains were also further analyzed.

RESULTS:

We identified 17 MSSA strains and 12 MRSA strains. Lumbar and lumbosacral spine segments were the most commonly involved segments. All 29 patients had back pain. Other findings included sensory abnormalities (25), motor weakness (21), fever (16), bladder dysfunction (16), and altered consciousness (3). Disease onset at admission was acute in 6 cases and chronic in 23. The stages of disease severity were early stage in 9 and late stage in 20. After therapy, 21 patients had a good prognosis and 8 had a poor prognosis. Significant prognostic factors included older age (>70years), presence of diabetes mellitus, adrenal insufficiency, and MRSA infection. The prognosis alone was clinically different between patients with MSSA and MRSA infections.

CONCLUSIONS:

Patients with localized back pain, particularly those with a fever and compromised immune system, should undergo MR imaging to ensure an early diagnosis and management.

PMID:
22206858
DOI:
10.1016/j.clineuro.2011.12.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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