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Facial Plast Surg. 2011 Dec;27(6):523-8. doi: 10.1055/s-0031-1298785. Epub 2011 Dec 28.

Hyaluronic acid fillers: history and overview.

Author information

1
Division of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of California, Davis, Sacramento, California, USA.

Abstract

Hyaluronic acid (HA) fillers have many favorable characteristics that make it a popular injectable filler device. Its minimal immunogenicity and relative ease of use has helped HA become the most commonly used injectable filler today. A brief history of injectable fillers, the various injection techniques, and legal ramifications are discussed. A review of the most recent literature compares the efficacy and safety of HA to other injectable filler substances.

PMID:
22205525
DOI:
10.1055/s-0031-1298785
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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